Some of the key characteristics underlying the notion of knowledge ecology may be deduced from the characteristics of (a) knowledge and (b) ecology. Although there is no common definition of the term knowledge, there is a wide agreement that knowledge is social, personal, flexible, dynamic, decentralized, ubiquitous, networked, and complex in nature (Chatti et al., 2007). An ecology is an open, complex adaptive system comprising elements that are dynamic and interdependent (Brown, 1999). Key characteristics of knowledge ecology include: complexity, adaptation, emergence, self-organization, openness, and decentralization.
Complexity and adaptation: Knowledge ecology is a good example of a complex adaptive system (
Emergence and self-organization: Emergence is central to the theory of complex adaptive systems (
Openness and decentralization: As with complex systems, ecologies are open and their boundaries are difficult to be determined. And, knowledge is decentralized and ubiquitous in nature. Thus, openness and decentralization are central attributes in knowledge ecologies.
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